Crofton Connection VOL 1 Issue 3 July

Issue 1 Vol 3

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We are featuring all the Revolutionary War Soldiers who are buried at in Crofton. Here are their pension records;

Absalom Nixon/Vixen/Nixson

Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements

Pension application of Absalom Nixon {Vixen, Nixson)W3033 Edith                                                                                                               fn9ONC

Transcribed by Will Graves

[State of Kentucky] County of Christian

On this 15th day of August 1831, Personally appeared in open Court being a court of record for the County and Circuit of Christian and the State of Kentucky Absalom Nixson [sic] resident of said County, aged 69 years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth, on his oath, make the following declaration, in order to obtain the provision made by the acts of Congress of the 18th March, 1818, and the first of May 1820: that he the said Absalom Nixson enlisted for the term of during the war, between the third and seventh day of July in the year 1781, in the State of South Carolina, in the Regiment or Legion of foot infantry commanded by Colonel Henry Lee in the line of the State of South Carolina on the Continental establishment; that he continued to serve in said Corps until the end of the war when he was discharged from the service in the State of South Carolina near the Eutaw Springs; that he hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension, except the present; that his name is not on the pension roll of any State, except the one now applied for, and that the following all the reasons for not making earlier application for a pension, “When the first act of Congress passed allowing revolutionary soldiers a pension I lived in Rutherford County in the State of Tennessee, I then knew but one man by whom I could prove my service, & shortly after I found him, he was taken sick and died, previous to my removal to the State of Tennessee, my house was burnt in North Carolina and my discharge with it, on my removal to Kentucky I found George Barns’ by whom I believe I am enabled to prove my services, And in pursuance of the act of the first of May 1820, I do solemnly swear that I was a resident Citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818 and that I have not since that time by gift, sale or other wise disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provision of an act of Congress entitled “an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States in the revolutionary war” passed on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I have not nor has any person in trust for me any property, or securities, contracts or debts due to me nor have I any income other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed and by me subscribed– That is to say, One Cattle and yearling Calf, and Six hogs, by occupation a Farmer, old and infirm, six in family, that is myself aged 69, my wife Edy 65 years of age, Absalom 23, Temperance 28, Hessy 26 and Edy 25, all able to support themselves and of age, That, since the 18th of March 1818, there has been but few changes in my property I owned but little at that time or subsequently that I have lost some by death and other casualties, that I owned no land then nor since nor have I made any transfers or sales of property of any magnitude since that period.. Given under my hand.

S/ Absalom Nixon, X his mark

Sworn to and declared on the 16th day of August 1831 in open Courtjclarksig

Attest: S/ Jno. H. Phelps, C. C. C. C.

The Commonwealth of Kentucky, Christian County and Circuit

This day personally appeared in open Court George Barns aged 75 years and made oath that he is well acquainted with the with him mentioned Absalom Nixson and knows him to be the identical person who has signed the foregoing declaration, That they were both together at the siege of Ninety Six and at the Battle of the Eutaw Springs, that shortly after the Battle of the Eutaw Springs we were both discharged on or about the same day, I by Colonel Armstrong and Nixon by Colonel Henry Lee.


S/ George Barns

The Commonwealth of Kentucky, Christian County

I Sic, George Barnes FPA S16316


This day personally appeared Absalom Nixon in open Court before Benjamin Shackelford Esq. Judge of the Christian circuit Court for the [indecipherable word] aforesaid and made oath according to law — That after the Revolutionary war he resided for many years in the State of North Carolina — that he removed from there to Lawrence [sic, Laurens] County in South Carolina — and lived there about 11 years from there he removed to East Tennessee near Knoxville where he resided two years — from thence he removed to Rutherford County in West Tennessee where he resided about 16 or 17 years and from thence he removed to Christian County Kentucky — where he now resides. That on the 18th of March 1818: he did not have of his own property more than one horse —1 or two cows — and some little Household furniture in all not exceeding in Value $125 — that he owned no land at that time nor since —that he bath made no changes or sales in his property to bring himself under the law of 1818 or any of the law for the benefit of the soldiers of the Revolution — that since the Burning of his Home near 44 years since in which he lost all he had — he has had but little property — that since the 18th of March 1818, he has made no changes or sales of property to bring himself under the law aforesaid — that he had a large family of children in all 19— raised 14 of them — and has never had since that time more than a horse of but small value not exceeding at any one time $30 — one or sometimes two cows & some few hogs — not exceeding in value more than $30 together with, some small household stuff—

that he has ever since that time been a very poor man has always had to labor hard for the support of his family — that have ever since the 18th of March 1818 lived on rented land — and with all his labor was hardly able to pay rent for small places & support his family— that the changes in his property has been generally the death of his Horse and the killing of cows & hogs for the use of his family — that lately he had even to sell his hogs to pay a part of his just debts — that he is not a drinking man — nor has his labor went on that was That he now owns no land has nothing in trust for him by others — that he now owns one horse worth about $20 has no cow — has one Sow & six pigs and his household furniture exceeding in value $20 — that he is now in tolerable good health for his age and works daily for his living– at light work — such as plowing, hoeing &c — that were it not for his children now with him he would hardly [be] able to subsist — that he makes this additional statement at the request of J. L. Edwards Esq. of the pension office.

Given under my hand this 20 of August 1832.

Si Absalom Nixen, Q his mark

The Commonwealth of Kentucky, Christian County

This day personally appeared George Barnes in open Court before the Honorable B. Shackelford late Judge of the Christian Circuit Court — and is duly sworn states upon his oath that during the War of the Revolution he was well acquainted with Absalom Nixen and knows him to be the identical person who Served in the Regular Army under the Command of Colonel H. Lee the first acquaintance I had with Absalom Nixon was the said Nixon came with us from Augusta to White Hall in Abbeville County South Carolina — I was appointed Wagon Master in the place of our former one who died — and said Nixon was one of the guard on the route from Augusta to White Hall — and from that to Ninety Six and he was then in the Service of the United States under the Command of Colonel H. Lee and from the Siege of 96, we marched together to the Eutaw Springs — and that shortly after said Battle we were both discharged — that we now live in the same County and I am well satisfied he is the same man I knew while in the service that we are both very old and infirm — and are much in the need of the benefits that may result to us from the acts of Congress that said Nixon was Honorably discharged by Colonel Henry Lee near the Eutaw Springs — that the Closing of the War — Given under my hand this 20th of August 1832.

S/ George Barnes, X his mark

[On January 7, 1839, Edith Nixon, 73, applied in Christian County, Ky., for a widow’s pension stating that she is the widow of Absalom Nixon, a pensioner of the US, that she married him May 17, 1783 in Surry County, NC and that he died in Christian County on July 27, 1836.]

Commonwealth of Kentucky, Christian County

Before me — Samuel Younglove — a Justice of the place of Christian County aforesaid and the said Commonwealth of Kentucky personally appeared this day George Barnes of the said County, who did make Oath that he this deponent is about 73 years of age and cloth further depose that Absalom Nixon is generally reputed and believed to have been a private in the Army of the Revolution, and this deponent being informed that the said Absalom Nixon has made his declaration & applied for the benefit of “An act for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the Army of the Revolution” approved on the 15th day of May 1828, cloth further depose that he saw the said Absalom Nixon in service in the infantry of Lee’s Legion at the siege of 96 in the year 1782 [sic, 1781] from the fourth or fifth May in that year until the fourth or fifth of July then following that the said deponent frequently saw the said Absalom Nixon on duty as a sentinel and performing other duty as a private soldier as aforesaid in the infantry of said Legion, and this deponent further saith that he afterwards saw the said Nixon still in the same service at the high hills of Santee in the same year 1782 — and further saith that this deponent was at the siege of 96 aforesaid at the time afore mentioned as a private in the Virginia Continental line in a Company commanded by Captain Pait (a rifle Captain) & also under the command of Major Ward. And further saith not.

Witness my hand this 29th day of August 1829.

S/ Saml. Younglove, JP                                                  S/ George Barnes, X his mark

Additional declaration

This affidavit of Absalom Nixson taken in the town of Hopkinsville in the County of Christian & State of Kentucky before Temple West — a justice of the peace of said County.

The said Absalom Nixson name first duly sworn cloth depose & say that he was born in the County of Prince Edward & State of Virginia, that he is aged 69 years — that he served a three months tour under Captain Silas Martin of Surry County, North Carolina as a private & a volunteer & in this tour was at the siege of Charleston.

That he was afterwards a private & a volunteer in a two months tour under Col. Shephard against the Tories on the River Yadkin.

That he joined Colonel Campbell’s Regiment at the Shallow Ford of Yadkin & fought in the battle at King’s Mountain.

That he was a private & a volunteer a three months tour under General Green [sic, Nathanael Greene], drove out as a Waggoner Major Mulberry’s baggage wagon was at the Siege of “Ninety Six” & there received a wound in his thigh being bayoneted by the enemy in a night Sally — that he served out this tour & on his return enlisted with the foot infantry for the war, in Lee’s Legion, Micajah Harris, Captain & William Lee, recruiting Sergeant, the date of his enlistment was about the 7th July 1781 —that he was at the battle of Eutaw Springs in the Station of baggage guard & served until regularly discharged — that he received a regular an honorable discharge from the Continental & three of the regular discharges from the militia service — that he married Edy Farmer of Stokes County North Carolina and after the war while living in said County of Stokes his dwelling house was burnt & with it his discharges & other papers — that he has had a very large family, having 14 children yet living & four of them & his wife also living with him — that he has recently lost his best horse & has but one indifferent one left, that although of an excellent constitution he is becoming stiff & unable to work & with regret calls upon his Country for aid– that he is very poor & feels the affects of his former

fatigues more and more sensibly — that he has omitted to state that in a skirmish with the British he was thrown from his horse & had his shoulder broke that on this occasion his party being victorious he was rescued from the enemy but was badly wounded & much bruised — that his enlistment in Lee’s Legion took place near the mouth of Tiger Creek that John Penix2 & Garrett Andrews of Prince Edward

2 FPA R8092 is the application of a man named John Penix or Penick who claimed service from Prince Edward County, Virginia during the Revolution.

Virginia & Michael Bryan of Tennessee were enlisted at the same time that he is informed Bryan is dead, & has been unable to learn anything of the others — that he is an ordinary laborer & has no trade. Witness my hand this 30th day of December 1828.

S/ Temple West, JP

Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements

Pension application of Jonathan Clark 52438     fn39NC

Transcribed by Will Graves   rev’d 11/18/10

[Methodology: Spelling, punctuation and/or grammar have been corrected in some instances for ease of reading and to facilitate searches of the database. Also, the handwriting of the original scribes often lends itself to varying interpretations. Users of this database are urged to view the original and to make their own decision as to how to decipher what the original scribe actually wrote. Blanks appearing in the transcripts reflect blanks in the original. Folks are free to make non-commercial use this transcript in any manner they may see fit, but please extend the courtesy of acknowledging the transcriber—besides, if it turns out the transcript contains mistakes, the resulting embarrassment will fall on the transcriber. I use speech recognition software to make all my transcriptions. Such software misinterprets my southern accent with unfortunate regularity and my poor proofreading fails to catch all misinterpretations. I welcome and encourage folks to call those and any other errors to my attention.]

State of Kentucky – Christian County

On this 3rd day of September 1832 personally appeared in open Court before the Justices of the County Court of Christian now sitting Jonathan Clarke a resident of said County and State – aged Seventy three years who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on his oath make the following Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th, 1832 – That he entered the Service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein Stated.

According to a Register of his age [he] was born in the year 1759 in the County of Bedford (now Campbell) State of Virginia – his Father removed from that [county] to Surry County (now Stokes) North Carolina in the year 1773. In the Spring of 1776 James Shepherd raised a Company of volunteers were called Minute men I joined said Company as a Volunteer and was elected a Lieutenant therein and I was and at all times turned out whenever there was a call and this was very often as there was a great many disaffected men in that part of the Country – Martin Armstrong was Colonel of the Regiment of Militia, Joseph Williams Lieutenant Colonel & Joseph Winston Major.

Colonel Bryan or Bryant [sic, Samuel Bryan] a Tory from the forks of the Yadkin [River] was the first man that attempted to embody men under the authority of the King in our quarter, and did raise men and join the British. I believe he commanded in 1776 – our Company was often called on to suppress them in which I always took part as Lieutenant of the Company after that Colonel Roberts a Tory from the Hollow of the Yadkin raised a Company. We were often called on to suppress him – and when the Tories had embodied themselves and going on the Catawba Roberts and his men marched to join them – Colonel Wm Shepherd [William Shepherd] with all the Militia that we could raise went in pursuit of them and overtook some of them and fired on them; they dispersed – we took some of them prisoners – the Tories at Ramsour’s or Ransel’s Mills was Defeated before Roberts had joined them and himself and his men were dispersed – and after this Col. Ferguson [sic, Major Patrick Ferguson] with his British forces & Tories was marching through the upper part of South Carolina and North Carolina we marched and joined Colonels Cleveland [Benjamin Cleveland], Shelby [Isaac Shelby] & Campbell [William Campbell] – I was then sent back and was not in the Battle of King’s Mountain I joined the Army the 2nd or 3rd day after and marched with the Army to Moravian town – this was in October 1780.

About this time Colonel Wright a Tory raised two or 300 men and was defeated near the Shallow Ford of the Yadkin — we then heard of Lord Cornwallis marching through the upper parts of the State in a direction toward Virginia — we here heard of the Death of General Davidson [William Lee Davidson] at Catawba River — we collected together I joined Captain Edward Lovell [or Lowell?] and marched near the Shallow Ford of the Yadkin there we met General Pickens [Andrew Pickens] flying before Cornwallis — we joined — and when he halted —I with two other men was sent out to reconnoiter the British– we came in sight of them as they left the Moravian town — we returned to General Pickens and then pursued them gathering together all the militia we could as we went — Cornwallis marched through North Carolina, then turned his course towards Hillsboro then to Guilford Court House, we pursued him so closely that we had several small skirmishes on the way I was in two of them, one at Alamance Creek — one at the Reedy fork to of Haw River, we had some men killed at those places — I was not in the Battle of Guilford — but was in hearing — this I believe was in March 1781 –.

The next general campaign I was in was in the fall of 1781 — there was a party of British lying at Wilmington. General Rutherford [Griffith Rutherford] gathered the Militia and marched against them. I was attached to Captain Daniel Wright’s Company with my Company. Captain Wright’s Colonel Smith’s Regiment of Horse on the Little Pee Dee [Pedee River] — I continued in that Regiment the whole campaign and was in several small engagements we surprised Col. Bryan, the Tory, below Wilmington on the South side of Cape Fear River — the same day we attacked a Picket of the British Stationed in a Brick House near the River opposite Wilmington — we had one man killed — Major Grimes and myself of said Regiment was sent with about 60 men further to the to South we were attacked by the British & Tories in the night lost one man killed & six wounded — myself slightly wounded — lost ten horses including my own — mine was appraised to 60 pounds North Carolina Currency — I never received one cent for him — this was about the time Cornwallis surrendered at Little York — I always and on all occasions Volunteered, found my own Horse & fire arms — sword — there was Tories who mostly lay in the Hills of South Carolina Colonel Cunningham and Fanning who often committed great depredations in the Country, also a Captain Coile or Coyle– a noted Tory who would Sally out in small parties to kill & plunder the Inhabitants — I often went in pursuit of them — it is impossible at this late period for me to tell the number of times — the length [or] term positively that I was employed in the Service — not having kept a Record thereof — but of this I am certain that from the year 1776 until the year 1783 I was more than half that time in Service — that I had a written commission as Lieutenant from Col. Martin Armstrong — but have lost it.

In the year 1784 I removed to South Carolina and in 1803 from thence to Christian County Kentucky where I have ever since resided.

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension Roll of the agency of any State in the United States.

S/ Jonathan Clark

Sworn to and subscribed the day & year aforesaid.

[standard certificate of veracity and service given by John Bobbitt, clergyman, William Gray & Joseph Clark, neighbors]


You must give your Attendance at the courthouse on Tuesday next where the officers of this Regiment are to meet to apportion the men for the draft of the State Regiment

S/ Mart. Armstrong, Colo.

Lieut. Jonathan Clerk

The deposition of Joseph Clark taken before D. F. Hays a Justice of the Peace in and for the County & State aforesaid — in Support of the Claim of Jonathan Clark for a Pension under the act of Congress of the 7th of June 1832. The said Deponent being of lawful age and being first duly sworn Deposeth & saith that he is the youngest Brother of Jonathan Clark the applicant herein and that he was too young to be in the Service as a Soldier; that from the year 1778 or 1779 [illegible word] the taking of Cornwallis in October 1781 my Brother Jonathan Clark, neglected all other business except that of a Soldier of the Revolution that during that time he Served in the Company of Captain E. Lovel & Daniel Wright, that during the term he regularly Served as Lieutenant and that he was generally known and acknowledged as such during the whole time he was in Service that owing to the Situation of his Father living near the Center of the Company

his House was generally the place of rendezvous for the Company I therefore had a good opportunity of knowing that my Brother acted as Lieutenant. He further States that Col. Martin Armstrong was the Colonel commandant of the County and that he has seen and [illegible word] the notice to Jonathan Clarke as Lieutenant and that he was well acquainted with the handwriting of Colonel Armstrong and that he believes the notice to be in the handwriting of Colonel Armstrong and that my Brother Jonathan Clarke entered the Service of the United States at the different periods as set forth in his Declaration always as a Volunteer and further this Deponent saith not.

September 2, 1833 S/ Jos. Clark

Commonwealth of Kentucky Christian County Sct

Personally appeared before me the undersigned a justice of the peace in and for the County and Commonwealth aforesaid Jonathan Clark who being duly sworn deposeth & saith —that by reason of old age and the consequent loss of memory he cannot swear positively as to the precise length of his Services but according to the best of his recollection he served not less than the periods mentioned below and in the following grades and makes this as an amended Declaration to one made by him in the County Court of Christian on the 3rd day of September 1832 — That all the Service he rendered was as a Lieutenant and the reason of his remaining and acting as a Lieutenant for the whole period of his service was this that he was frequently transferred from one company to another — Captain James Shepherd raised a standard company of minute man or North Carolina Militia who were to act at all times in case of emergency, that sometimes Captain Shepherd did not go out in which case the command devolved on this Deponent — and that sometimes the company would be divided each of us taking the command of part and marched in different directions in search of the Tories and guarding the frontiers from the depredations of the Indians and to prevent the Tories from communicating with them — this Deponent would therefore state that from his best recollection he served not less than three years in actual Service in the company commanded by Captain J. Shepherd in which he always served as Lieutenant — that in the Company commanded by Captain E. Lovell he served not less than one and a half months — also as Lieutenant that in the company commanded by Captain Daniel Wright he served not less than three months he further states that he is positively certain of having rendered actual service during the War of the Revolution for more than three years during the years 1776 & 83 inclusive. He would name William Gray, John Bobbitt, Henry Myers, William Barnes, Colonel F. P. Pennington, Matthew Wilson, Thomas Barnett, Colonel S. D. B. Stuart and many others of his near neighbors by whom and who can testify as to his character for veracity and their belief of his services as a Soldier of the Revolution. He would also name the Honorable C. Lyon his Excellency Governor John Breathitt, the Honorable B. Shackelford who will testify as to the same —

Given under my hand this 23rd day of April 1833

S/ Jonathan Clark

[Veteran was pensioned at the rate of $320 per annum commencing March 4th, 1831, for two-year service as a Lieutenant in the North Carolina militia.]

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